Of the total amount of energy consumed by data centers, an average of 45% of electricity is used on technical cooling systems. Hence the greatest savings can be achieved in this area. For this there are some simple recommendations:
The table below shows the typical consumption of electrical energy for different types of technical cooling systems in centers:
|Description||Relative energy consumption as a percentage||Price of the system as a percentage|
|Classic cooling system,
Individual cooling devices with direct expansion, separate cooling pipes, external cooling condensers.
|A classic water-cooled cooling system with external cooling unit, separate piping systems.||110||90|
|Classic cooling system in a redundant embodiment, each with more and more asymmetric compressors and more frequency regulated fans, external capacitors with fan speed regulators.||65||100|
|Water-cooled cooling system with external cooling unit with free cooling, multiple compressors and fan rotation control, refrigeration cabinets with more frequency-regulated fans under a raised floor.||40||120|
|Water-cooled cooling system with external cooling unit with free cooling, multiple compressors and fan rotation control, refrigeration cabinets with twin registries and a separate cooling from the surrounding facility, locker with multiple frequency-regulated fans under a raised floor.||20||130|
A relatively simple measure to reduce energy consumption is the establishment of appropriate working conditions within the system and networking cabinets with the construction of a closed cold area (Cold Aisle Containment). It is a concept where closed cold areas are built above the exhaust of cold air between system types. This prevents the mixing of cold and warm air and provides additional drafts for servers. Obstruction of a cold area is carried out by locking elements around the system and networking cabinets and the closure (closing) of empty areas within the system and networking cabinets. It is necessary to pay attention to the sealing of all the apertures in the raised floor other than the inlets.
Simple yet effective measure is also the management of redundant cooling equipment. Correctly adjusting the fan speed in cooling cabinets and correct burden-sharing between the cooling systems can save considerable electrical energy. This is especially true for free cooling since free cooling can be provided at significantly higher outdoor temperatures.